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Stanford D. Baird

Fax +1.919.516.2034
Mr. Baird is a partner in the Raleigh office and focuses his practice on environmental matters, including litigation and regulatory matters, and environmental aspects of real estate, lending, and mergers and acquisitions transactions. Mr. Baird regularly advises manufacturing clients regarding environmental regulatory and compliance matters. He routinely negotiates with state and federal environmental agencies on behalf of private parties, handles administrative appeals, enforcement defense, and permitting matters, and oversees environmental due diligence and clean up activities. Mr. Baird also counsels stakeholders regarding the development of shale gas resources.

Mr. Baird is a LEED Accredited Professional (LEED-AP), a distinction he earned through the Green Building Certification Institute.

Professional Background

Mr. Baird served as law clerk to the Honorable Samuel G. Wilson, U.S. District Court for the Western District of Virginia, 1995-1996.


  • Chambers USA: America’s Leading Business Lawyers, North Carolina - Environment, 2009-2014
  • Best Lawyers in America, Lawyer of the Year, Environmental Law - Raleigh, 2017, 2019
  • Best Lawyers in America, Environmental Law, 2007-2019
  • Best Lawyers in America, Litigation - Environmental, 2019
  • Legal Elite, Business North Carolina Magazine, Environmental Law 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010-2015
  • “40 Under 40,” award from Triangle Business Journal for outstanding achievements in both business and community involvement, May 2008
  • Legal Elite Young Guns, Business North Carolina Magazine, 2008
  • North Carolina Superlawyers, Rising Star, 2010

Professional/Civic Activities

  • North Carolina Bar Association (Environmental Law Section Council)
  • City of Raleigh (Environmental Awards, Chair, 2008-2010)
  • City of Raleigh (Environmental Advisory Board, 2006-2010)

Speaking Engagements

  • “Shale Gas in North Carolina: The Long and Winding Legal Path,” presentation to Charlotte Area Environmental Breakfast Club, September 25, 2014
  • “Hydraulic Fracturing: Legal Issues and the Extraction Process,” presentation for National Business Institute, March 2013
  • “Developing North Carolina Shale Gas: Lessons Learned from the Marcellus and Utica Shale Plays,” presentation to Raleigh Chamber of Commerce Inter-City Visit to Pittsburgh, PA, March 29, 2012
  • “Prospects for Shale Gas Development in North Carolina” presentation to North Carolina Chamber Environmental Summit, September 29, 2011
  • “Potential Opportunities for Shale Gas Development in North Carolina,” presentation to Professional Engineers of North Carolina (PENC), December 15, 2011
  • “NEPA, CAMA, and Coastal Development Issues,” presentation to North Carolina Bar Association, October 14, 2011
  • “Legal Issues Associated with Green Design and Construction Projects,” presentation to the Wilmington-Cape Fear Homebuilders Association, September 21, 2011
  • “North Carolina Regulatory Issues for Wind Energy,” presentation to North Carolina Beach, Inlet and Waterway Association, November 15, 2010
  • “Which Way Is Coastal Wind Policy Blowing?” presentation to North Carolina Beach, Inlet and Waterway Association, November 16, 2009
  • “Senate Bill 3 and Wind Power - Issues for the Coast,” North Carolina Beach, Inlet & Waterway Association (NCBIWAY), April 2008
  • Defended legal challenge to air permit issued to cement manufacturer for the construction of new cement plant.
  • Counseled global pesticide manufacturer regarding enforcement issues related to potential noncompliance with federal pesticide laws.
  • Evaluated compliance issues related to use of microorganisms in second generation ethanol production.
  • Evaluated environmental issues regarding disposition of 25 property hotel portfolio.
  • Defended global manufacturer in water pollution enforcement action by federal, state, and local authorities.
  • Negotiated Brownfields agreements with government agencies for redevelopment of contaminated property.
  • Advised a publicly traded real estate development company regarding the purchase and development of a former Superfund site. Handled due diligence matters, and worked with environmental engineers and government agencies regarding investigation, remediation, and liability issues.
  • Advised land owners and real estate developers regarding wetlands, permitted stream and surface waters buffers, as well as floodplain and watershed protection rules limiting development.
  • Litigated claims of owners of contaminated property against prior owners and defended claims of adjacent property owner regarding migration of contamination.
  • Advised national lending institution regarding claims of state and federal environmental agencies against collateral securing debt.
  • Oversaw environmental due diligence for acquisition of specialty wood products manufacturer by investment fund, and negotiated environmental terms of stock purchase agreement and lending documents.